Although birdwatching in Grenada is not a well-developed activity, it’s something that many visitors come for. Amongst the rainforest canopies and waterfalls, the bird lover will find plenty of bird species to study. In fact, there is said to be around 144 species including both endemic and migratory. It is said that approximately 70% of the species are migratory visitors.
From the nimble and agile hummingbird to the rarer Grenada Dove, birdwatching in Grenada can reward the patient.
Grenada’s landscape lends itself well to birding. The rugged interior, lush forests and a range of micro-climates in addition to coastal cliffs, beach and reserve are perfect habitats.
The number of spcies of birds that have been recorded in Grenada are around 160. Only about 35 of these species breed on the island, and the rest are visiting migratory species. There’s a chance to come across the Grenada Dove, the Grenada Hook-billed Kite, the Grenada Flycatcher, The Lesser Antillean Bullfinch and the Lesser Antillean Tanager.
Grenada’s Endemic Birds
Grenada has just three endemic species of birds, The Grenada Dove Liptotilla wellsi and the Hook billed kite Condroherux uncinatus mirus , but is visited by regional endemic species.
The Grenada Dove was once known as Wells Dove and pea dove, and it’s the island’s national bird. Only found in Grenada, specificially in dry woodland. It’s been spotted on offshore islands in addition to the southwestern areas of the island.
Hook Billed Kite
The Grenada Hook Billed Kite can be found in the southern part of the island feeds off tree snails. It is thought that this species is becoming very few and could be close to extinction.
Other birds found in Grenada
Even if you don’t spot one of the endemic species then there is plenty more to see. Check out the broad collection of waterfowl and ducks including the West Indian Whistling Duck which quite often will nest in trees or in mangrove areas.
Other birds you may want to keep an eye out for are frigates, boobies, pelicans and egrets.There are also ospreys, barn owls, cuckoos, swifts and at least 4 different types of hummingbirds. Watch out for toucans, mockingbirds, wrens and cardinals. There are many birds to watch out for. You may even want to invest in one of the books that we’ve recommended at the bottom of this post, to be sure that you know what it is that you’re spotting on your bird watching tour.
You can see a list of all the birds found in Grenada here.
When to Go Birding
It’s possible to enjoy birding throughout the year. Breeding takes place between the months of March and August. By visiting at different times, it’s possible to see a braod range of species. Migration periods are between July and November for migration to the south and from January to March for north.
The best time for birdwatching is during the first three hours after dawn and during the last two hours before sundown.
Where to Go Birding
To make the best of your experience of birdwatching in Grenada, visit a variety of different habitats around the island, from the rugged interior rainforests to the shoreline. Here are a few birdwatching sites to visit.
Mt. Hartman National Park
One of the key habitats for the endemic Grenada Dove is Mt. Hartman National Park and Bird sanctuary. The population is now under 200 and it’s considered a threatened species as the habitat depletes to housing. Wear protective clothing and walking boots as this is a thorny woodland area. You’ll need fitness and keen eyes.
For those who want more information when birdwatching in Grenada, try a birdwatching tour with local birdwatching expert, Anthony ‘Jerry’ Jeremiah. We can put you in touch with him if you’d like to book your spot with the islands most knowledgeable bird expert.
Recommended books for Birdwatching in Grenada
Our recommended books for birdwatching in Grenada.
The fully illustrated Birds of the West Indies covers all bird species known in the islands including those that infrequently visit. Each species is clearly described including marks for identification, voice and habitat. A must have if you want to learn more about birds in Grenada.
Caribbean Birds is a handy pocket guide for those who don’t want to carry anything heavier in their luggage. You’ll discover the main familial species of the birds in the Caribbean and in Grenada.
We use the Amazon Affiliate program. If you’re in the UK and purchase one of the books that we recommend, we may gain a small commission for introducing you to them.